news 2018


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Results 21 - 40 of 84.

Life Sciences - 25.10.2018
Spaceflight has impact on cosmonauts’ brains
A trip into space impacts the brain of a space traveller, according to new international research, led by the University of Antwerp. "Changes occur in the grey and white matter and cerebrospinal fluid," says Dr Angelique Van Ombergen (UAntwerp) . "And some of those changes remain detectable even seven months after the mission has ended." An international team of scientists conducted a unique study on Russian cosmonauts.

Health - Physics - 25.10.2018
Novel method to block immunosuppression in cancer
Belgian research groups from the UCLouvain and WELBIO, VIB and Ghent University, and the biotechnology company argenx elucidated the three-dimensional structure of an assembly of proteins operating on cells that dampen immune responses. They also discovered how an antibody can block this assembly and the immunosuppression it induces downstream.

Social Sciences - 22.10.2018
Non-English speaker less likely to get automated suicide-prevention advice from Google
Do people with suicidal thoughts see potentially life-saving information when they go online? It may depend on the language they're using, research shows. Sebastian Scherr, an assistant professor at KU Leuven's School for Mass Communication Research, has discovered that when it comes to online searches not all languages are created equal.

Law - 22.10.2018
New researchers Law and Development
Inleiding: Leonardo Villafuerte and Alberto Pecoraro both started their PhD at the Law and Development Research Group. The Law and Development Research Group welcomes two new researchers starting up their PhD. Leonardo D. Villafuerte Philippsborn is a full-time lecturer at the Universidad Católica Boliviana "San Pablo" (UCB), and he is editor of its peer-reviewed law journal (UCB Law Review).

Health - Media - 15.10.2018
Dr Google is no panacea when it comes to patient empowerment
VUB thesis exposes power dynamic in doctor-patient relations The internet as a source of information about health is no panacea for creating patient empowerment. That's the conclusion reached by Edgard Eeckman in the doctoral thesis he defended at VUB's Communication Science faculty. He researched the power balance in the doctor-patient relationship and the influence of online and offline information about health, in a study that reveals the power dynamics associated with being ill.

Social Sciences - 28.09.2018
Ghent University starts search for 21 top professors
( 28-09-2018 ) During the next few years, the faculties at Ghent University will closely collaborate with each other in the realisation of ten interdisciplinary projects of major social impact. Ghent University is creating 21 new professorships which they will begin to fill as of this autumn. The announcement in 2017 that Ghent University intended to invest in a project of interdisciplinary research generated a great deal of interest within the institution.

Health - 25.09.2018
Cooking shows can encourage healthy eating behaviour
Cooking shows can encourage healthy eating behaviour
Television programmes about cooking, famous chefs and their dishes are very popular among both young and old. Research conducted at the universities of Antwerp and Leuven has now shown that cooking programmes aimed specifically at children often feature unhealthy dishes. But the study also found that seeing good examples on screen encourages children to eat more healthily.

Health - Environment - 20.09.2018
The hidden costs of cobalt mining in DR Congo
Cobalt mining comes at a great cost to public health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. New research reveals that children are particularly vulnerable: their urine and blood samples contain high concentrations of cobalt and other metals. In past years, the demand for cobalt has been on the increase due to its many applications.

Life Sciences - 19.09.2018
Hardwired for laziness’ Our brain must work hard to avoid sloth
If getting to the gym seems like a struggle, researchers want you to know this: the struggle is real, and it's happening inside your brain. The brain is where Matthieu Boisgontier (KU Leuven / UBC) and his colleagues went looking for answers to what they call the "exercise paradox": for decades, society has encouraged people to be more physically active, yet statistics show that, despite our best intentions, we are actually becoming less active.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.09.2018
Fighting oxidative stressáto treat cartilage, brain and bone disease
KU Leuven researchers have discovered a novel mechanism that prevents oxidative stress and therefore provides protection against joint, brain and bone diseases. When the cells in our body have a normal metabolism, this results in the production of chemically reactive molecules that contain oxygen, also called reactive oxygen species.

Mechanical Engineering - 11.09.2018
Security flaws leave keyless Tesla cars vulnerable to theft
A team of researchers at COSIC, an imec research group at the University of Leuven, has uncovered serious security flaws in the Passive Keyless Entry and Start (PKES) system used by some luxury vehicles. The study shows that the key fob (the unlocking device)áused by the Tesla Model S is using out-dated and inadequate cryptography.

Health - 06.09.2018
New instrument in the making that facilitates blood collection in developing countries
Conditions in developing countries often make it difficult to properly diagnose people. That's why a simple yet accurate technology is needed that can be used on the spot. Researchers at KU Leuven are developing a flexible chip that is able to detect infections and viruses in the blood. The project was awarded funding through the Grand Challenges Explorations initiative of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.08.2018
Discovery of long-lived macrophages in the intestine
Macrophages are specialised immune cells that destroy bacteria and other harmful organisms. KU Leuven scientists have come to the surprising conclusion that some macrophages in the intestines of mice canásurvive for quite some time. Most importantly, these long-lived macrophages are vital for the survivaláof the nerve cells of the gastrointestinal tract.

Economics - 16.08.2018
Linking turnover to organizational performance: the role of process conformance
Introduction: Jan Wynen, Wouter Van Dooren, Jan Mattijs and Carl Deschamps investigated the optimal rate of turnover for organizational performance and the role for process conformance. The article 'Linking turnover to organizational performance: the role of process conformance' is published Open Access.

Chemistry - Physics - 16.08.2018
Why silver clusters emit light
Clusters of silver atoms captured in zeolites, a porous material with small channels and voids, have remarkable light emitting properties. For instance, they can be used for more efficient lighting applications as a substitute for LED and TL lamps. Until recently, scientists did not know exactly how and why these small particles emit light.

Life Sciences - 14.08.2018
New insights in cell death in plants might generate new leads for weed control
( 14-08-2018 ) Ironically, most of a tree's biomass is actually not alive. It is formed by persistent cell corpses collectively called wood. The formation of wood is one of the many programmed cell death processes important for plant growth & development. The lab of Prof. Moritz Nowack (VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology) investigates the regulation of these plant cell death processes in the model plant Arabidopsis.

Computer Science - 14.08.2018
Modern security technology in Intel processors not watertight
Technology giant Intel has been including an innovative security method in its processors for a number of years. This method works as a vault for your personal data. However, KU Leuven researchers have shown that the system can, in fact, be hacked using the Foreshadow attack. What's more, information processed in cloud systems also seems to be vulnerable to this kind of attack.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 06.08.2018
Learning while sleeping has limitations
Learning while sleeping has limitations
A group of researchers found that our learning capabilities are limited during slow wave sleep. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), they showed that while our brain is still able to perceive sounds during sleep, it is unable to group these sounds according to their organisation in a sequence. Hypnopedia, or the ability to learn during sleep, was popularized in the '60s, with for example the dystopia Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, in which individuals are conditioned to their future tasks during sleep.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.07.2018
Therapy-resistant cancers once again made sensitive to treatment
Far too often, cancer cells manage to become resistant to doctors' treatments. Researchers at KU Leuven have now discovered a new mechanism that makes cancer cells more resistant to therapy. Fortunately, they also came up with a way to by-pass this problem. Their research was published Communications.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 26.07.2018
Plants play dominant role in landscape formation of coastal areas
Introduction: Dutch and Flemish researchers studied the colonisation by coastal vegetation Coastal vegetation interacts with water flow and the transport of sand and sediment: this interaction plays a key role in the rise of characteristic landscape forms in coastal habitats. Scientists from the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research and University of Antwerp ( Global Change Ecology Centre , Research Group Ecosystem Management ) provide more insight in this interaction in their new paper that appeared recently.