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Results 1 - 20 of 36.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.02.2024
A mechanism for healthy brain development
A mechanism for healthy brain development
Scientists at UCLouvain have discovered that the balance between two proteins plays a decisive role in brain development. The study is published in the American Association for the Advancement of Science's (AAAS) prestigious journal Science Advances . During embryonic development, cells continuously receive numerous stimuli to which they react via intracellular signals.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.02.2024
Newly discovered protein blocks sleeping sickness
Newly discovered protein blocks sleeping sickness
Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, is a neglected tropical disease that affects millions of people and is fatal if left untreated. Most treatments and preventative options, however, are not very effective. New research identifies a protein that could pave the way toward drugs against sleeping sickness.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.02.2024
Essential protein that contributes to liver fibrosis
Essential protein that contributes to liver fibrosis
Chronic liver disease is a serious global health problem that has a severe impact on personal quality of life. A major characteristic of chronic liver disease is liver fibrosis, where certain liver cells, called hepatic stellate cells, become activated and produce scar tissue that damages the liver. At present, no specific drugs are available to treat this condition, partly because we know too little about the activation process for the stellate cells, and no specific targets have been identified to date.

Chemistry - Health - 22.02.2024
Fighting disease with digital simulations
Fighting disease with digital simulations
What is a lipid membrane? Lipid membranes are ubiquitous structures in the cells of all unicellular and multicellular organisms. Take, for example, the cell wall, also known as the plasma membrane, whose function is to separate the inside of the cell from the outside: in a way, it's the cell's armor.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.02.2024
Researchers assemble patterns of micro- and nanoparticles
Researchers assemble patterns of micro- and nanoparticles
Researchers from the Department of Chemical Engineering at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Riga Technical University and the MESA+ Institute at the University of Twente have succeeded in arranging very small particles (10 ┬Ám to 500 nm, 10 to 100 times thinner than a human hair) in a thin layer without using solvents.

Health - 09.02.2024
Researcher aims to ease discomfort around end-of-life suffering
Researcher aims to ease discomfort around end-of-life suffering
Death and the process of dying are increasingly the remit of clinical and medical professionals, creating a cultural and social distance. This distance from death has a major impact on how comfortable or uncomfortable many people feel about the idea of dying. What do you say to someone who is seriously ill and wants to talk about death? What do you do when you see someone suffering significant mental deterioration? Often, our attitude makes us feel insecure and we choose to avoid those people.

Earth Sciences - Paleontology - 22.01.2024
VUB geologists create new toolkit to study the consequences of meteorite impact
VUB geologists create new toolkit to study the consequences of meteorite impact
What exactly happens during and immediately after the impact of a meteorite? That was the question posed by a team of geologists from the research group Archaeology, Environmental Changes & Geo-Chemistry (AMGC) at Vrije Universiteit Brussel. The Chicxulub crater in Mexico is best known because of the extinction of the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous period 66 million years ago.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.01.2024
Breaking the Cycle of Negative Feedback to Enhance Cancer Immunotherapy
KU Leuven researchers discover how to break the negative feedback loop to improve cancer immunotherapy. Over the past years, immunotherapy has improved the outlook for many cancer patients. However, not all cancers respond to current immunotherapies. A research team led by KU Leuven discovered a key mechanism behind this lack of response, and it came up with an innovative solution.

Health - 11.01.2024
Lung cancer: molecular advances
New discoveries in the treatment of lung cancer: the role of the Bcl-xL protein in the aging of neutrophils, the white blood cells that contribute to tumor development . Neutrophils are white blood cells essential to our defense against bacterial infection. These cells patrol the body for 1 or 2 days, then die and are replaced by new neutrophils.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.12.2023
Discoveries about our cells: the ability to feel relief
Discoveries about our cells: the ability to feel relief
How are our cells able to detect tiny asperities in their support, the extracellular matrix, which bind them together - By what mechanism - Do they manage to modify their behavior in response to these small reliefs - These are the questions to which a team of cell biology researchers from UNamur and UCLouvain have provided major answers, which have just been published in the prestigious scientific journal Science Advances.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2023
Crack in the wall of WHO’s top priority pathogens
In a breakthrough discovery, scientists from VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology unraveled the mysteries of SlyB, a tiny but mighty protein found in the outer membrane of certain bacteria. When bacteria face stress, SlyB acts as a crucial guardian to protect the bacterial cell from dying. This discovery not only deepens our understanding of bacterial survival mechanisms but also paves the way for potential applications in antimicrobial research.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
Babies' brains prioritize human voices
Babies’ brains prioritize human voices
The voice is the most important sound for human beings, providing information about the identity, gender, age and emotional state of the speaker, as well as being the basis of our communication through language and other non-linguistic cues. Adults have a specific brain area that responds preferentially to voice among all other sounds.

Life Sciences - Environment - 06.12.2023
Arctic vs Antarctic lake microbes: new research reveals unique evolutionary tales
High Arctic (left) and Continental Antarctic (right) lake bottoms, covered by dense microbial mats. Credits: David Velazquez An international research team of scientists led by biologists from Ghent University investigated the biodiversity and evolutionary history of microorganisms in Arctic, sub-Antarctic and Antarctic lakes in the first large scale study using DNA.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.12.2023
Towards a new leukemia therapy?
Towards a new leukemia therapy?
A major discovery in the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of leukemia. Research led by Franšois Fuks - Cancer Epigenetics Laboratory, ULB Faculty of Medicine, ULB Cancer Research Center and Institut Jules Bordet, H.U.B . In Belgium, around 1,300 new cases of leukemia are diagnosed every year, a type of blood cancer that affects the entire population.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.11.2023
Capturing water from the clouds to combat water shortages in deserts
Capturing water from the clouds to combat water shortages in deserts
Affordable, effective and sustainable "fog nets" to capture droplets and combat water scarcity in deserts. An article by Denis Terwagne, Professor and Chairman of the Centre de Recherche en Physique, Faculty of Science, in The Conversation. In 2022, 2.2 billion people still have no access to drinking water services.

Physics - 23.11.2023
Luttinger's theorem at the center of topology
Luttinger’s theorem at the center of topology
The laws of physics are based on universal principles, often associated with mathematical theorems. Identifying physical phenomena that escape these fundamental rules leads to a paradigm shift, and usually to major discoveries. In a paper published in Physical Review Letters, Lucila Peralta Gavensky, Nathan Goldman (Faculty of Science) and Subir Sachdev (Harvard), reveal a fundamental link between the violation of two major rules of solid-state physics: Luttinger's theorem and the classification rule for insulating materials .

Life Sciences - 23.11.2023
Rotifers: what explains the exceptional resistance of these microorganisms?
Rotifers: what explains the exceptional resistance of these microorganisms?
Bedeloid rotifers, those mysterious microorganisms, display remarkable resistance to desiccation, ionizing radiation and even freezing. Under the direction of Karine Van Doninck - Faculty of Science, a team of researchers is investigating the molecular basis of this exceptional resistance, making rotifers model animals for research .

Life Sciences - 20.11.2023
Thanks to KU Leuven, we now have better understanding of the worldwide diversity in cranial shape, and how deformations occur
Peter Claes has successfully identified the genetic factor that accounts for the large variation in the shape of human skulls and faces, before subsequently identifying which of these genes play an important role in the risk of craniosynostosis, a condition where the fibrous sutures of a baby's skull join together too early, preventing the skull from expanding as the brain develops and grows in the first two years of life.

Sport - 17.11.2023
Everyone on mindfulness at school? Little effect
Many young people struggle with somber feelings, stress or anxiety symptoms. In a large-scale study, with support from the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (FWO) and in the context of Red Noses Day (now "Jez!"), KU Leuven investigated whether mindfulness at school could help. For eight weeks, several class groups in eleven Flemish secondary schools followed mindfulness training.

Life Sciences - 17.11.2023
VUB researcher develops three-dimensional model of the testis
VUB researcher develops three-dimensional model of the testis
Male fertility and reduced sperm quality plays a role in half of the cases of couples who cannot conceive. Research into the various causes of reduced sperm quality is hampered by incomplete knowledge of male reproductive biology. Therefore, Guillaume Richer of the Biology of the Testis research group at the Free University of Brussels developed a 3D model of the testis or testicle for his PhD study.